Most Common Sign, Cause, type of disease


 Most Common Sign, Cause, type, in nursing

The Most Common cause of Cell injury: *Hypoxia*

Most Common cause of Hypoxia: *Ischemia*

Most Common cause of Inflammation: *Infection*

Most Common cause of Impaired Wound Healing: *Infection 

Most Common cause of Acute Cor Pulmonale Pulmonary: *Embolism*

Most Common cause of Chronic Cor Pulmonale: *COPD*

Most Common cause of Superior Vena Cava Syndrome: *Small Cell Carcinoma of Lung Compression*

Most Common cause of Infection in Cystic fibrosis in Children: *Staphylococcus aureus*

Most Common cause of Infection in Cystic Fibrosis in adolescents and adults: *Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Most Common cause of Seizure in Newborn: *Hypoxia-induced Ischemic Encephalopathy*

Most Common cause of Epiglottitis in Children: *Hemophilus influenza b*

Most Common Lesion of Diabetic Retinopathy: *Diffuse Glomerulosclerosis*

Most Common Lesion in Asbestosis: *Benign Pleural Plaques*

Most Common Benign Lesion of Liver: *Cavernous Hemangioma*

Most Common Intracranial Lesion after Head Injury: *Subdural Hemorrhage*

Most Common cranial Nerve involved in Glomus tumor: *Facial Nerve*

Most Common Nerve palsy in Diabetic Retinopathy: *Oculomotor*

Most Common Nerve for Peripheral stimulation (Supramaximal Stimulation): *Ulnar Nerve (Volar side of Wrist)*

Most Common Nerve involved in Leprosy: *1st Posterior Tibial Nerve 2nd Ulnar Nerve*

Most Common Nerve leading to Abscess: *Ulnar Nerve*

Most Common Nerve injured in anterior dislocation of the shoulder: *Circumflex branch of axillary nerve*

Most Common Nerve injured in Fracture neck of Numerus: *Axillary nerve*

Most Common Nerve injured in Lunate Dislocation: *Median Nerve*

Most Common Nerve injured in Fracture medial epicondyle of Numerus: *Ulnar nerve*

Most Common Nerve injured in Supracondylar fracture of Numerus: *1st Anterior Interosseous Nerve 2nd Median Nerve 3rd Radial Nerve*

Most Common Nerve injured in Forearm fractures especially Monteggia fracture: *Posterior interosseous Nerve*

Most Common Nerve involved in Perilunate dislocation: *Median Nerve*

Most Common Nerve injured in Posterior Dislocation of Hip: *Sciatic nerve*

Most Common Nerve injured in Most CommonBurney’s Incision: *Iliohypogastric Nerve*

Most Common Nerve involved in Thoracic outlet Syndrome: *Ulnar Nerve*

Most Common Nerve affected by Plexiform Neurofibroma: *Trigeminal Nerve*

Most Common Nerve injury in Postpartum Female: *Common Peroneal Nerve*

Most common route of Lead Intoxication: *Inhalation*

Most CommonOccupational Cancer: *Skin(Squamous cell carcinoma)*

Most CommonMental Disorder causing death: *Alzheimer’s and Other Dementia*

Most Common Infection of Streptococcus pneumonia:  *Otitis Media*

Most Common Gram Positive organism causing meningitis: *Streptococcus pneumonia*

Most CommonGram Negative organism causing meningitis: *Neisseria meningitides*

Most Common Source of Meningococcal meningitides: *Carrier*

Most Common Legionella causing Human disease: *Legionella Pneumophilia*

Most Common Diagnostic test in Lymphogranulorum venerum:  *Cell Culture*

Most Common Infection Complicating Organ Transplantation: *CMV*

Most Common Genital Lesion in HIV patient: *Herpes*

Most Common  organ affected in Amoebic Colitis: *Caecum*

Most Common organ affected in Visceral Leishmaniasis: *Spleen*

Most Common Diagnostic specimen for Visceral Leishmaniasis: *Spleen*

Most Common Parasitic Infection of CNS: *Cysticercosis*

Most Common Congenital Lesion complicated by Infective Endocarditis: *VSD*

Most Common association of Right-sided aortic arch: *Tetrology of Fallot*

Most Common condition associated with Coarctation of Aorta:  *Bicuspid Aortic Valve*

Most Common Rheumatic Valvular Disease: *Mitral Regurgitation*

Most Common Renal Vein Thrombosis is seen in *Membranous Glomerulonephritis*

Most Common Ectopic Ureter associated with: *Dysuria*

Most Common Symptomatic CNS infection in *Neonates Rubella, HSV*

Most Common Virus causing Diarrhoea in Infants: *Rota Virus*

Most Common Biochemical abnormality in Congenital Hypertrophic Pyloric Stenosis: *Hypokalemic Hypochloremic Metabolic alkalosis with Paradoxical aciduria*

Most Common Carcinoma of Breast: *Intraductal Carcinoma*

Most Common cells damaged during Hypoxia: *Neurons*

Most CommonThyroid carcinoma: *Papillary*

Most Common Thyroid carcinoma after radiation Papillary

Most Common etiological agent for Lung Abscess: *Anaerobic bacteria*

Most Common Chronic Occupational disease in the world: *Silicosis*

Most Common Renal Stones: *Calcium Oxalate*

Most Common CNS Herniation: *Transtentorial Herniation*

Most Common Demyelinating Disease: *Multiple Sclerosis*

Most Common mutated gene in Human cancer: *P53*

Most Common mutation in Hereditary Spherocytosis: *Ankyrin*

Most Common mutation in Hereditary Elliptocytosis: *Spectrin*

Most Common Congenitally absent muscle in Humans: *Pectoralis Major*

Most Common weakened muscle in Osteoarthritis: *Quadriceps*

Most Common fractured bone in carpus: *Scaphoid*

Most Common Injured organ in Blunt injury abdomen: *Spleen*

Most Common Hereditary blood coagulation disorder: *Factor V Leiden*

Most Common virus associated with Transfusion Hepatitis: *HCV*

Most Common Source of Hemorrhage in Duodenal Ulcer (Arterial): *Gastroduodenal Artery*

Most Common Lobe involved in Carcinoma Prostate: *Posterior Lobe*

Most Common Zone involved in Carcinoma Prostate: *Peripheral Zone*

Most Common Node involved in Ca Prostate Metastasis: *Obturator Node*

Most Common Congenital Deformity of Urethra: *Hypospadiasis*

Most Common Cancer in Burn Scar: *Squamous Cell Carcinoma*

Most Common Origin of Melanoma: *Junctional Melanocytes*

Most Common Clinical Pattern of Basal cell carcinoma: *Nodular*

Most Common Infection in Dry Wound in Burns: *Pseudomonas*

Most Common side of Unilateral Cleft Lip: *Left*

Most Common Salivary Gland to get Stones: *Submandibular Gland*

Most Common Type of Inflammation: *Catarrhal 

Most Common Type of Hemoglobinopathy in World: *Thalassemia*

Most Common type of mutation causing β-Thalassemia: *Splicing mutation*

Most Common type of AML: *M2*

Most Common type of AML in Down’s Syndrome: *M7*

Most Common Type of Ca Penis: *Squamous Cell Carcinoma*

Most Common Type of Malignant Melanoma: *Superficial Spreading Type*

Most Common cause of Acute Adrenocortical Insufficiency: *Abrupt withdrawal of Corticosteroids*

Most Common cause of SIADH: *Ectopic ADH by Small Cell Cancer*

Most Common cause of Hyperaldosteronism: *Conn’s Syndrome (Adrenocortical Adenoma-Left sided MOST COMMON)*

Most Common cause of Thyrotoxicosis: *Grave’s Disease*

Most Common cause of Hypothyroidism in Iodine Sufficient areas of the world: *Autoimmune Hypothyroidism (Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis)*

Most Common cause of Primary Hyperparathyroidism: *Parathyroid Adenoma*

Most Common cause of Secondary Hyperparathyroidism: *Renal Failure*

Most Common cause of Hypoparathyroidism: *Surgical Removal of Parathyroid Gland*

Most Common cause of Panhypopituitarism: *Pituitary adenoma*

Most Common cause of Cushing’s Syndrome: *Administration of Exogenous Corticosteroids*

Most Common cause of Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia: *21α Hydroxylase Deficiency*

Most Common cause of Right Heart Failure: *Left Heart Failure*

Most Common cause of Ascending Aorta Aneurysm: *Hypertension*

Most Common cause of Secondary Raynaud Phenomenon: *Systemic Sclerosis 

Most Common cause of Acute bacterial Endocarditis: *Staphylococcus aureus*

Most Common cause of Subacute Endocarditis: *α Hemolytic Streptococci(Viridans)*

Most Common cause of Prosthetic Valve Endocarditis: *Staphylococcus  epidermidis (Coagulase-negative*

Most Common cause of endocarditis in IV drug users: *Staphylococcus aureus*

Most Common cause of Bleeding during Tonsillectomy: *Paratonsillar Vein*

Most Common cause of Left Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Palsy: *Ca Bronchus*

Most Common cause of Right Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Palsy: *Thyroid Surgery*

Most Common bacterial cause of Pustule: *Streptococcus pyogenes*

Most Common cause of Cellulitis: *Streptococcus pyogenes*

Most Common cause of Lobar Pneumonia: *Streptococcus pneumonia*

Most Common cause of Bronchopneumonia: *Staphylococcus aureus*

Most Common cause of Otitis Media: *Streptococcus pneumonia*

Most Common cause of Septicemia in A splenic patient: *Streptococcus pneumonia*

Most Common cause of gas gangrene: *Clostridium perfringens(A-type)*

Most Common cause of actinomycosis: *Actinomyces Israeli*

Most Common cause of mycetoma: *Fungi*

Most Commoncause of UTI: *E.coli*

Most Common cause of Catheter-associated UTI: *E.coli*

Most Common cause of Intraabdominal Abscess: *E.coli*

Most Common cause of Acute Bacterial Peritonitis: *1st E.coli 2nd Klebsiella*

Most Common cause of Salmonella gastroenteritis: *Salmonella typhimurum*

Most Common bacterial cause of Traveller’s Diarrhoea: *ETEC*

Most Common viral cause of Traveller’s Diarrhoea: *Rotavirus*

Most Common parasitic cause of Traveller’s Diarrhoea: *Giardia*

Most Common cause of Pyrexia of Unknown Origin: *Mycobacterium tuberculosis*

Most Common cause of Bloodstained nipple discharge: *Intraductal Papilloma*

Most Common cause of Adenomatoid cancer: *Follicular Carcinoma*

Most Common cause of Thyroiditis: *Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis*

Most Common cause of Esophagitis: *Esophageal Reflux*

Most Common cause of Esophageal Perforation: *Instrumentation*


Thank you

 Pradeep Kumar

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