psychotherapy definition

psychotherapy definition



psychotherapy definition

  • Psychotherapy is a relationship between the patient and the therapist. The therapist may be a psychiatrist, Nurse psychologist, etc.
  • Psychotherapy’s objective is personality growth in the direction of maturity, competence and self-actualization.
  • Psychotherapy is a treatment of mental illness by the psychological rather than medical treatment.

Purpose of psychotherapy

  • Psychotherapy helps in identifying the cause of abnormal behavior
  • Modified the patient’s abnormal behavior.
  • Reduce and stop abnormal thinking thoughts.
  • Improve the social functions.
  • Rehabilitation.
  • Helping the patient to resolve inner conflict and overcome feelings of handicap.
  • Psychotherapy promotes to development of self-esteem.
  • Psychotherapy helps to improve interpersonal relationships and communication skills.

Indication of Psychotherapy  

  • Neurotic disorder – Eg Anxiety, Depression, OCD, etc.
  • Psychosis disorder
  • Alcohol and drug substance abuse.
  • Eating behavior disorder
  • Sexual behavior and personality disorder
  • Psychosomatic and behavioral disorder
  • Child psychiatric disorder

Contraindication of Psychotherapy

  • Unresponsive patient
  • Patient with excitement
  • Violence patient
  • Acute organic mental disorder (Delirium and dementia)
  • Manic patient
  • Unmotivated and unwilling patients.
  • Group psychotherapy is contraindicated in Hysteria, Hypochondriasis etc.
  • Psychotherapy is less effective in mental retardation.


Types of psychotherapy

  1. Individual Psychotherapy 

a). Psychoanalysis

b). Hypnosis

c). Abreaction

d). Supportive therapy

        • Ventilation
        • Persuasion
        • Re-education
        • Environment
        • Modification
        • Suggestion.
  1. Group psychotherapy

    • Group psychotherapy is provided for 2 or more clients once a time.
    • Group psychotherapy is the treatment of psychological problems in which a group of patients and a group of psychiatrists discuss with each other and help in problem-solving.
    • Group therapy was introduced by – Joseph Pratt
    • A number of patients – 8-10 clients.
    • Group therapy time – 1 hour every session.
    • Frequency of group therapy – Once a week.

3. Behavior therapy  

a). Systemic desensitization

b). Aversion therapy

c). Flooding

d). Reinforcement

e). Assertiveness training

f). Cognitive behavior therapy

4. Other Psychotherapy therapy 

a). Milieu therapy

b). Biblio therapy

c). Occupational therapy

d). Recreational therapy

e). Community therapy

f). Activity therapy

Read also.

Electro Convulsive Therapy(ECT)

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