Toxoplasmosis ,Rubella, Herpes simplex, cytomegalovirus TORCH Signs symptom and cause


Table of Content (toc)

What is TORCH:-

TORCH is a Group of Four diseases. these diseases mainly affect the mother during pregnancy and transmit mother to baby
T- Toxoplasmosis.
O- Other Agents.
R- Rubella.
C- Cytomegalovirus.
H- Herpes Simplex

 What is toxoplasmosis:- 

toxoplasmosis is a Goundi (Protozoa) Prsente in Cat stool, Row beef (Cow+Buffelo meet) Mainly Cow and Buffalo intestine, and sometimes milk.

Toxoplasmosis Symptom Mother and Baby:-

The mother has no Seviour Symptom of toxoplasmosis.

But the baby has Seviour Symptom Such as.-

  • Hydrocephalus.
  • Enlarge Lymph-Node.
  • intra-ocular inflamation.

What is Rubella:-

Rubella has also known as Congenital rubella Syndrom.
  • Before 13 Weeks- decrease the chance of infection but Seviourity has increased
  • After 13 Weeks increase the chance of infection but Seviourty has Decrease 
Rubella mainly Spreed by droplet & Direct person to person Contact

Clinical Feature of Rubella:-

  • Congenital heart disease.
  • Congenital Cataract.
  • Defense.
  • Still Birth.
  • Premature Baby.
  • Abortion.
  • Hearing Disability.
  • Bone- Deformity.

 How to Manage Rubella In Mother:-

Finding the immunization of Mother. ideally 3 Months or a minimum 1-month gap for Pregnancy after
rubella vaccine
If the infection in 1st trimester performs the Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP).

What is Cytomegalovirus:-

Cytomegalovirus is a member of the herpes family. these can infect mostly Intra-uterine infection CMV
Infection Can by. 
  • Placenta (Mother to baby)
  • breastfeeding
  • Body Secretion

Clinical Feature of Cytomegalovirus:-

  • Microcephaly.
  • Hydrocephalus.
  • Cerebral palsy.
  • Mental retardation.
  • Deafness.
  • Blue-Berry Muffin Rashes on Skin.

How to manage Cytomegalovirus infection:-

  • Use Standard Precaution.
  • Medical Termination Of Pregnancy.
  • Antibiotics are Not useful in viral infection.

Herpes Simplex:-

Herpes Simplex has an infectious virus. these viruses attack mainly labor period.

Type of Herpes Simplex:-

Herpes Simplex has mainly two types.
type 1 Cause fever and blister.
type 2 Cause STD

Clinical Feature of Herpes Simplex:-

Herpes Simplex does not cross the placenta.
these are the most common effects of renal and neurological infection.

Management of Herpes Simplex:-

  • Caesarian section
  • Avoid breastfeeding -if lesion present on the breast
  • Acyclovir After 36 weeks of pregnancy.[ To reduce the transmission of the virus]

Golden Point:- Herpes Simplex is the most common infection During Pregnancy
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